War- the Hero and the Will Hardy- Tolstoy and t.

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Jane L. Bownas
War, the Hero and the Will: Hardy, Tolstoy and the Napoleonic Wars

Thomas Hardy’s The Dynasts and Leo Tolstoy’s War and Peace are both works that defy association with a particular genre and might seem to have little else in common apart from being set in the same period of history. This study argues that there are important similarities between these two works and examines the close correspondence between Hardy’s and Tolstoy’s thinking on themes relating to war, ideas of the heroic, and the concept of free will. Though they came from very different backgrounds, both writers were influenced by their experiences of war: Tolstoy directly, by involvement in the wars in the Caucasus and the Crimea, and Hardy indirectly, by the events of the Anglo-Boer Wars. Their reaction to these experiences found expression in their descriptions of the wars fought against Napoleon at the beginning of the century. This work considers the ways in which Hardy and Tolstoy portray Napoleon’s physical and mental decline and question the role he played in determining the outcomes of military actions. Both writers were deeply interested in the question of free will and determinism and their writings reveal their attempts to understand the nature of the force which lies behind men’s actions. Their differing views on the nature of consciousness are considered in the light of modern research on the development of the conscious brain.

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