A Glossary of English Grammar
This alphabetical guide clearly defines standard grammatical terms and shows how they are used, encompassing variants as found in Huddleston and Pullum’s Cambridge Grammar of the English Language.
Making Progress in English
This manual is designed to help teachers establish a principled framework for developing English at Key Stages 1 and 2. Covering all aspects of English, it will help teachers raise standards of achievement in pupils at all levels of fluency and confidence.
The author uses case study material to relate theory to practice, covering issues such as classroom organization and management. She also provides guidance for planning and developing ideas with colleagues and with children, and offers suggestions for teaching strategies with photocopiable sheets and formats and ways to evaluate teaching.
Separate sections deal with reading, writing, speaking and listening, and these different threads are drawn together in sections on knowledge about language – including spelling, grammar and punctuation – and study of texts – including media, poetry, drama, response to literature and the use of non-fiction texts. The final section deals with policy and schemes of work. Each chapter also offers information on:
* assessment, recording and reporting, linked to scales of progression
* frameworks for screening and supporting children who have difficulties with English
* working with parents
* linguistic and cultural diversity
German: Biography of a Language
Thousands of years ago, seafront clans in Denmark began speaking the earliest form of Germanic language–the first of six “signal events” that Ruth Sanders highlights in this marvelous history of the German language.
Blending linguistic, anthropological, and historical research, Sanders presents a brilliant biography of the language as it evolved across the millennia. She sheds light on the influence of such events as the bloody three-day Battle of Kalkriese, which permanently halted the incursion of both the Romans and the Latin language into northern Europe, and the publication of Martin Luther’s German Bible translation, a “People’s” Bible which in effect forged from a dozen spoken dialects a single German language. The narrative ranges through the turbulent Middle Ages, the spread of the printing press, the formation of the nineteenth-century German Empire which united the German-speaking territories north of the Alps, and Germany’s twentieth-century military and cultural horrors. The book also covers topics such as the Gothic language (now extinct), the vast expansion of Germanic tribes during the Roman era, the role of the Vikings in spreading the Norse language, the branching off of Yiddish, the lasting impact of the Thirty Years War on the German psyche, the revolution of 1848, and much more.
Ranging from prehistoric times to modern, post-war Germany, this engaging volume offers a fascinating account of the evolution of a major European language as well as a unique look at the history of the German people. It will appeal to everyone interested in German language, culture, or history.
Ken Methold and D.D. Waters
Understanding Technical English
This four stage, graded reading course is intended for students of English as a foreign language who wish to relate their reading in English to topics relevant to their future careers as craftsmen or technicians. The course contains the following features:
1 . The reading passages
Each passage is complete in itself. The length of the passages varies from about 250 words in Book One. The topics are of general interest to all technical
students and require little specialised technical know ledge on the part of either the student or the teacher. All technical terms can be understood from the context or from accompanying illustrations. The course can, therefore, be used with confidence by general English teachers who have little technical knowledge.
2. The vocabulary….
The Psychology of the Language Learner: Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition
Research results over the past decades have consistently demonstrated that a key reason why many second language learners fail while some learners do better with less effort lies in various learner attributes such as personality traits, motivation, or language aptitude. In psychology, these attributes have traditionally been called “individual differences.” The scope of individual learner differences is broad–ranging from creativity to learner styles and anxiety yet there is no current, comprehensive, and unified volume that provides an overview of the considerable amount of research conducted on various language learner differences, until now.
Each chapter in this new volume focuses on a different individual difference variable. Besides a review of the relevant second language literature, Zoltán Dörnyei presents a concise overview of the psychological research involving each topic. A key concern for the author has been to define the various learner factors as measurable constructs and therefore the discussion includes a summary of the most famous tests and questionnaires in each domain.
A wide range of readers will benefit from this books tudents in linguistics, applied linguistics, modern languages, and psychology programs; second language teachers participating in in-service training courses; and researchers in second language acquisition and psychology.