BIOLOGY AND GENETICS
Natural Products Interactions on Genomes
Foods from natural products are a major contributor to contemporary dietary needs. The knowledge of interactions of specific natural products on genes is accumulating due to recent scientific advancements. Natural Products Interactions on Genomes focuses on recent developments in understanding human genome interactions with various natural products.
The book first examines selected major natural products and their interactions with selected genes for each chromosome in mammals, then moves on to focused discussions on interactions of natural products with genes that are involved in specific diseases. It includes studies on breast cancer and prostate cancer. The focus then shifts to the effects of natural products on microbial growth and a final chapter that discusses future challenges and prospects in the field.
This book also presents a unique real-time approach by providing hyperlinks to websites with updated literature on natural products and interactions with genes involved in metabolic pathways.
With a broad range of relevance among disciplines including biology, biomedical science, pharmacy, medicinal chemistry, and naturopathic and herbal medicine, Natural Products Interactions on Genomes provides a valuable reference. It gives you an understanding of the methods of study of natural products and their effects on genomes while pointing toward the future of natural products and the areas they impact in health and science.
Robert Gustafson, Derrai R. Herbst, Phillip W. Rundel
Hawaiian Plant Life: Vegetation and Flora
Hawaiian Plant Life has been written with both the layperson and professional interested in Hawai’i’s natural history and flora in mind. In addition to significant text describing landforms and vegetation, the evolution of Hawaiian flora, and the conservation of native species, the book includes almost 875 color photographs illustrating nearly two-thirds of native Hawaiian plant species as well as a concise description of each genus and species shown. The work can be used either as a stand-alone reference or as a companion to the two-volume Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai’i.
Learning more about threatened and endangered plants is essential to conserving them, and there is no more endangered flora in the world today than that of the Hawaiian Islands. Striking species complexes such as the silverswords and the remarkable lobeliads represent unique stories of adaptive radiation that make the Hawai’i a living laboratory for evolution. Public appreciation for Hawaiian biodiversity requires outreach and education that will determine the future conservation of this rich heritage, and Hawaiian Plant Life has been designed to help fill that need.
Peter B. Kaufman
Botany Illustrated: Introduction to Plants, Major Groups, Flowering Plant Families, Second Edition
This easy-to-use book helps you acquire a wealth of fascinating information about plants. There are 130 pages with text, each facing 130 pages of beautiful illustrations. Each page is a separate subject. Included is a coloring guide for the realistic illustrations. The illustration pages are composed of scientifically accurate line drawings with the true sizes of the plants indicated. Using colored pencils and the authors’ instructions, you can color the various plant structures to stand out in vivid clarity. Your knowledge of plants increases rapidly as you color the illustrations.
There is a balanced selection of subjects that deal with all kinds of plants. However, the emphasis is on flowering plants, which dominate the earth. Drawings show common houseplants, vegetables, fruits, and landscape plants. They also show common weeds, wild flowers, desert plants, water plants, and crop plants.
Botany Illustrated has three sections. An Introduction to Plants gives you facts on everything from cells to seeds. The Major Groups section is from fungi to algae, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants. In Flowering Plant Families are magnolias to asters, and water-plantains to orchids, with the families of major interest included. You will find plants used for food, ornamentals, lumber, medicines, herbs, dyes, and fertilizers, whether wild or poisonous, or of special importance to our Earth’s ecosystem.
Topics that will be of interest to you include:
– Why leaves ‘turn’ color in autumn
– How certain plants devour insects
– How a flower develops into a fruit with seeds
– Why some plants only flower at certain times of the year
– How water, nutrients, and sugars move within a plant, including tall trees
– How flowers are pollinated
– The ‘inside’ story of how plants manufacture their own food
– How plants are named and classified
– How vines ‘climb’
– Why ‘pinching’ makes plants ‘bushy’
– How plants reproduce sexually
– Why shoots grow towards light
– How specific leaf colors can indicate specific mineral deficiencies
Botany Illustrated is especially easy to use because of its great flexibility. You can read the text and look at the drawings, read the text and color the drawings, or just enjoy coloring the drawings. No matter where your interests lead you, you will quickly find your knowledge of plants growing! Thus, this beautiful book will be of great value to students, scientists, artists, crafters, naturalists, home gardeners, teachers, and all plant lovers.
Bill J. Baker
Marine Biomedicine: From Beach to Bedside
Marine Biomedicine: From Beach to Bedside assesses current efforts in marine biomedicine and evaluates the implications of recent advances on the future of the field.
Richly illustrated in full color to enhance reader comprehension, the book covers four sections. The first one addresses the technology that has recently been brought to bear on the study of marine natural products, including omics and bioinformatic techniques. The second focuses on lead discovery and reviews various products and their biomedical potential.
Examples of clinically successful marine products and discussions of approaches to the clinic are presented in the third section while the last section discusses prospects for the future of marine biodiscovery.
Highlighting new technologies, this valuable resource provides an overview of both what is currently possible in the field as well as a detailed look at what is being done in marine natural products research.
Tod F. Stuessy
Plant Taxonomy: The Systematic Evaluation of Comparative Data, Second edition
The field of plant taxonomy has transformed rapidly over the past fifteen years, especially with regard to improvements in cladistic analysis and the use of new molecular data. The second edition of this popular resource reflects these far-reaching and dramatic developments with more than 3,000 new references and many new figures. Synthesizing current research and trends, Plant Taxonomy now provides the most up-to-date overview in relation to monographic, biodiversity, and evolutionary studies, and continues to be an essential resource for students and scholars.
This text is divided into two parts: Part 1 explains the principles of taxonomy, including the importance of systematics, characters, concepts of categories, and different approaches to biological classification. Part 2 outlines the different types of data used in plant taxonomic studies with suggestions on their efficacy and modes of presentation and evaluation. This section also lists the equipment and financial resources required for gathering each type of data. References throughout the book illuminate the historical development of taxonomic terminology and philosophy while citations offer further study. Plant Taxonomy is also a personal story of what it means to be a practicing taxonomist and to view these activities within a meaningful conceptual framework. Tod F. Stuessy recalls the progression of his own work and shares his belief that the most creative taxonomy is done by those who have a strong conceptual grasp of their own research.