Alejandro Varela
Medicinal Plants: Classification, Biosynthesis and Pharmacology (Biotechnology in Agriculture, Industry and Medicine)

Plants have been the main source of medicines since ancient times. Practically all human societies have utilised plants not only as sources of nutrition but also as therapy against diseases and ailments. Considering the fact that the synthesis of a pharmaceutical requires an enormous investment of research and money, the discovery of useful medicinal plants which have been used for millennia is very appealing.

This book examines Scutellaria baicalensis, one of the most widely used medicinal plants whose roots have been used for anti-inflammation, anticancer, decreasing blood pressures, reducing the total cholesterol level and treating bacterial and viral infections. The pharmacological, toxicological reports and clinical applications of B-carotene, an organic compound abundant in plants and fruits, is also explored. Furthermore, diabetes is a metabolic syndrome resulting from low levels of insulin. This book focuses on recent examples of traditional medicines and foods that have been validated by scientific evaluation as having promising activity for the prevention and/or treatment of diabetes. Other chapters in this book describe compounds found in some plants that have been tested in different bioassays and showed anti-mycobacterial activity, the advantages of the novel quality control near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) tool in medicinal plant analysis, and a quantitative analysis of polysaccharides from medicinal plants and fungi.

Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad and Muhammad Zafar
Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan

The Himalayan region is among the largest mountains systems of the world with uncounted unique medicinal plants resources. The lesser Himalayas ranges are the extension of Greater Himalayas. They have unique ecology, vegetation and diversity of medicinal flora due to tremendous variation in the altitude, climate and associated wildlife.

The utilization of medicinal plants in medicine suffers from the fact that although plants are used to treat diseases, scientific evidence is lacking in many cases. Different societies of the world use the plants according to their own beliefs and knowledge and previous experiences. Their knowledge about the use of the plants is usually not known to the other world or science. This book provides a brief introduction of Lesser Himalayas, ethnobotanical aspects, marketing and anthropogenic pressure on medicinal flora. It comprises one hundred medicinal plant species including Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (Monocots and Dicots) along with their scientific description and traditional uses.

Christophe Wiart
Medicinal Plants of China, Korea, and Japan: Bioresources for Tomorrow’s Drugs and Cosmetics

Asian medicinal plants show great promise in pharmaceutical and cosmetological development. Researchers engaged in the discovery of new leads in these areas need robust conceptual tools and understanding of interrelated basics of botany, ethnobotany, biomolecular pharmacology, phytochemistry, and medicinal chemistry to guide their investigations. Medicinal Plants of China, Korea, and Japan: Bioresources for Tomorrow’s Drugs and Cosmetics explores the fundamental science and demonstrates the compelling potential of these versatile plants, providing an essential resource to stimulate and guide focused inquiry.
It is essential that researchers appreciate the chemotaxonomical statuses of these plants, so chapters are arranged according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of plant taxonomy. The book discusses the history, synonymy, habitat, description, traditional uses, and pharmacochemistry of each plant. Detailed photographs and hand-made botanical plates enable quick and reliable identification of each plant species. Critical analyses of peer-reviewed articles provide the basis for Bioresource sections in each chapter wherein readers are advised, engaged, and guided towards exciting pharmaceutical and cosmetological research proposals. Also included are indexes of botanical terms, pharmacological terms, natural products, and local names.
Detailing 200 medicinal plant species carefully selected for their novelty and pharmacological and cosmetological importance, this volume provides a firm starting point for anyone looking forward to unlocking the potential of Asian medicinal plants. In addition, this invaluable book identifies numerous patentable leads.

Maurice M. Iwu
Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition

With over 50,000 distinct species in sub-Saharan Africa alone, the African continent is endowed with an enormous wealth of plant resources. While more than 25 percent of known species have been used for several centuries in traditional African medicine for the prevention and treatment of diseases, Africa remains a minor player in the global natural products market largely due to lack of practical information. This updated and expanded second edition of the Handbook of African Medicinal Plants provides a comprehensive review of more than 2,000 species of plants employed in indigenous African medicine, with full-color photographs and references from over 1,100 publications.

The first part of the book contains a catalog of the plants used as ingredients for the preparation of traditional remedies, including their medicinal uses and the parts of the plant used. This is followed by a pharmacognostical profile of 170 of the major herbs, with a brief description of the diagnostic features of the leaves, flowers, and fruits and monographs with botanical names, common names, synonyms, African names, habitat and distribution, ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents, and reported pharmacological activity.

The second part of the book provides an introduction to African traditional medicine, outlining African cosmology and beliefs as they relate to healing and the use of herbs, health foods, and medicinal plants. This book presents scientific documentation of the correlation between the observed folk use and demonstrable biological activity, as well as the characterized constituents of the plants.

Karan Singh
Medicinal Plants

The Over-Exploitation Of Wild Plants Fromnatural Resources (Forests) Has Led To An Alarming Situation In Which Many Medicinal Plants Are Onthe Verge Of Extinction. Therefore,There Is Growing Demand For Scientific Knowledge To Bring More And More Wild Medicinal Plants Under The Cultivation Web. For Achieving Such Objectives The Need For Scientific Data On Basic, Application-Oriented Basic And Applied Aspect Of (Wild) Medicinal Plants For Their Domestication And Cultivation Has Been Experienced By People In All Walks Of Life.

This Is Due To The Relevance Of Such Information For Plant Biodiversity, Conservation, Sustainable Development And Environmental Protection. Hence,Recent And Updated Information On Various Aspects Of Applied Plant And Seed Biology Under Different Abiotic Stresses Have Been Included In This Book. The Book Embodies Comprehensive Scientific Knowledge Of Global Distribution, Phenology, Morphology,Germination Behaviour Under Normal And Abiotic Stresses, Seedling Growth, Crop Establishment, Dormancy, Vegetative Growth,Reproductive Biology, Agronomic Reactions To Soil Types, Economic, Pharmaceutical And The Yields Under Different Ecological Niches And Marketingscenario And Export Of Medicinal Plants. This Book Will, Therefore, Certainly Serve Students, Teachers, Scientists And Exporters Belonging To Several Disciplines Including Botany, Agricultural Botany, Medical Botany, Environmental Sciences, Plant Physiology, Seed Sciences And Technology, Horticulture, Agronomy And Agricultural Sciences In General.

Belinda Hawkins
Plants for Life: Medicinal Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens

Medicinal plants harvested from the wild remain of immense importance for the well-being of millions of people around the world. Providing both a relief from illness and a source of income, over 70,000 plant species are thought to be medicinal. Loss of habitat combined with over-harvesting threatens the survival of many of these plant species. Botanic gardens are important agencies for ensuring their conservation.

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