Marxism and the Philosophy of Science A Critical History (Radical Thinkers)

Philosophy

Marxism and the Philosophy of Science: A Critical History (Radical Thinkers) by Helena Sheehan
The Vital Illusion (The Wellek Library Lectures) by Jean Baudrillard
Encountering China: Michael Sandel and Chinese Philosophy
Marx (Classic Thinkers) by Terrell Carver
Privacy Research and Best Practices: Summary of a Workshop for the Intelligence Community

Marxism and the Philosophy of Science: A Critical History (Radical Thinkers) by Helena Sheehan

English | December 1st, 2017 | ASIN: B078TDFLDJ, ISBN: 1786634260 | 456 pages | EPUB | 0.59 MB

A masterful survey of the history of Marxist philosophy of science. Now with a new afterword.

The Vital Illusion (The Wellek Library Lectures) by Jean Baudrillard

English | February 5th, 2001 | ASIN: B008DYDRLO, ISBN: 0231121008 | 113 pages | EPUB | 0.45 MB

Aren’t we actually sick of sex, of difference, of emancipation, of culture? With this provocative taunt, the indomitable sociologist Jean Baudrillard challenges us to face up to our deadly, technologically empowered renunciation of mortality and subjectivity as he grapples with the complex issues that define our postmillennial world.
What does the advent and proliferation of cloning mean for our sense of ourselves as human beings? What does the turn of the millennium say about our relation to time and history? What does the instantaneous, virtual realm of cyberspace do to reality? In The Vital Illusion―as always―Baudrillard leads his readers to some surprising conclusions.
Baudrillard considers how human cloning―as well as the “cloning” of ideas and social identities―heralds an end to sex and death and the divagations of living by instituting a realm of the Same, beyond the struggles of individuation. In this day and age when everything can be cloned, simulated, programmed, and genetically and neurologically managed, humanity shows itself unable to brave its own diversity, preferring instead to regress to the pathological eternity of self-replicating cells. By reverting to our viral origins as sexless immortal beings, we are, ironically, fulfilling a death wish, putting an end to our own species as we know it.
Next, Baudrillard explores the “nonevent” that was and is the turn of the millennium. He provocatively puts forward the thesis that the arrival of the year 2000 could never take place because we could neither resolve nor leave behind our history, nor could we stop counting down toward our future. For Baudrillard, the millennial clock reading to the millionth of a second on its way to zero is the perfect symbol of our time: history decays rather than progresses. In closing, Baudrillard examines what he calls “the murder of the real” by the virtual. In a world of copies and clones in which everything can be made present in an instant by technology, we can no longer even speak of reality. Beyond Nietzsche’s symbolic murder of God, our virtual world free of referents is in the process of exterminating reality, leaving no trace: “The corps(e) of the Real―if there is any―has not been recovered, is nowhere to be found.”
Peppered with Baudrillard’s signature counterintuitive moves, prophetic visions, and dark humor, The Vital Illusion exposes the contradictions that guide our contemporary culture and rule our lives.

Encountering China: Michael Sandel and Chinese Philosophy

Harvard University | English | 2018 | ISBN-10: 0674976142 | 320 pages | PDF | 13.29 mb

by Evan Osnos (Foreword), Michael J. Sandel (Editor), Paul J. D’Ambrosio (Editor)
In the West, Harvard philosopher Michael Sandel is a thinker of unusual prominence. In China, he’s a phenomenon, greeted by vast crowds. China Daily reports that he has acquired a popularity “usually reserved for Hollywood movie stars.” China Newsweek declared him the “most influential foreign figure” of the year. In Sandel the Chinese have found a guide through the ethical dilemmas created by the nation’s swift embrace of a market economy―a guide whose communitarian ideas resonate with aspects of China’s own rich and ancient philosophical traditions.
Chinese citizens often describe a sense that, in sprinting ahead, they have bounded past whatever barriers once held back the forces of corruption and moral disregard. The market economy has lifted millions from poverty but done little to define ultimate goals for individuals or the nation. Is the market all there is? In this context, Sandel’s charismatic, interactive lecturing style, which roots moral philosophy in real-world scenarios, has found an audience struggling with questions of their responsibility to one another.
Encountering China brings together leading experts in Confucian and Daoist thought to explore the connections and tensions revealed in this unlikely episode of Chinese engagement with the West. The result is a profound examination of diverse ideas about the self, justice, community, gender, and public good. With a foreword by Evan Osnos that considers Sandel’s fame and the state of moral dialogue in China, the book will itself be a major contribution to the debates that Sandel sparks in East and West alike.

Marx (Classic Thinkers) by Terrell Carver

English | December 8, 2017 | ISBN: 1509518177, 1509518185, ASIN: B07822B88Q | AZW3 | 204 pages | 0.4MB

Karl Marx was the first theorist of global capitalism and remains perhaps its most trenchant critic. This clear and innovative book, from one of the leading contemporary experts on Marx’s thought, gives us a fresh overview of his ideas by framing them within concepts that remain topical and alive today, from class struggle and progress to democracy and exploitation.
Taking Marx’s work in his pamphleteering, journalism, speeches, correspondence and published books as central to a renewed understanding of the man and his politics, this book brings both his life experience and our contemporary political engagements vividly to life. It shows us the many ways that a nineteenth-century thinker has been made into the ‘Marx’ we know today, beginning with his own self-presentations before moving on to the successive different “Marxes” that were later constructed: an icon of communist revolution, a demonic figure in the Cold War, a ‘humanist’ philosopher, and a spectre haunting Occupy Wall Street.
Carver’s accessible and lively book unpacks the historical, intellectual and political difficulties that make Marx sometimes difficult to read and understand, while also highlighting the distinct areas where his challenging writings speak directly to the twenty-first-century world. It will be essential reading for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and anyone interested in the contemporary legacy of his revolutionary ideas.

Privacy Research and Best Practices: Summary of a Workshop for the Intelligence Community

Natl Academy | English | 2016 | ISBN-10: 0309389194 | 66 pages | PDF | 976 kb

By Emily Grumbling
Recent disclosures about the bulk collection of domestic phone call records and other signals intelligence programs have stimulated widespread debate about the implications of such practices for the civil liberties and privacy of Americans. In the wake of these disclosures, many have identified a need for the intelligence community to engage more deeply with outside privacy experts and stakeholders.
At the request of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to address the privacy implications of emerging technologies, public and individual preferences and attitudes toward privacy, and ethical approaches to data collection and use. This report summarizes discussions between experts from academia and the private sector and from the intelligence community on private sector best practices and privacy research results.

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