Physics

Quantum Measurement (Theoretical and Mathematical Physics) by Paul Busch

Basics of Thermal Field Theory: A Tutorial on Perturbative Computations

Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics

Psang Dain Lin, “New Computation Methods for Geometrical Optics”

Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physics: Theory, Experiments and Applications

Quantum Measurement (Theoretical and Mathematical Physics) by Paul Busch

English | 11 Sept. 2016 | ISBN: 3319433873 | 556 Pages | EPUB | 13.8 MB

This is a book about the Hilbert space formulation of quantum mechanics and its measurement theory. It contains a synopsis of what became of the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics since von Neumann’s classic treatise with this title. Fundamental non-classical features of quantum mechanics―indeterminacy and incompatibility of observables, unavoidable measurement disturbance, entanglement, nonlocality―are explicated and analysed using the tools of operational quantum theory.

The book is divided into four parts: 1. Mathematics provides a systematic exposition of the Hilbert space and operator theoretic tools and relevant measure and integration theory leading to the Naimark and Stinespring dilation theorems; 2. Elements develops the basic concepts of quantum mechanics and measurement theory with a focus on the notion of approximate joint measurability; 3. Realisations offers in-depth studies of the fundamental observables of quantum mechanics and some of their measurement implementations; and 4. Foundations discusses a selection of foundational topics (quantum-classical contrast, Bell nonlocality, measurement limitations, measurement problem, operational axioms) from a measurement theoretic perspective.

Basics of Thermal Field Theory: A Tutorial on Perturbative Computations

Springer | Physics | July 11, 2016 | ISBN-10: 3319319329 | 281 pages | pdf | 3.16 mb

Authors: Laine, Mikko, Vuorinen, Aleksi

Concrete and self-contained style suitable for classroom or self-study, with the material divided into chapters that are directly usable as single lessons

Introduces the basic formalism, concepts, and applications of thermal field theory in the current era of precision cosmology and heavy-ion physics

Offers a detailed exposition of the derivations of the basic equations

Illustrates the developed formalism with selected examples from contemporary research in cosmology and heavy ion physics

This book presents thermal field theory techniques, which can be applied in both cosmology and the theoretical description of the QCD plasma generated in heavy-ion collision experiments. It focuses on gauge interactions (whether weak or strong), which are essential in both contexts. As well as the many differences in the physics questions posed and in the microscopic forces playing a central role, the authors also explain the similarities and the techniques, such as the resummations, that are needed for developing a formally consistent perturbative expansion. The formalism is developed step by step, starting from quantum mechanics; introducing scalar, fermionic and gauge fields; describing the issues of infrared divergences; resummations and effective field theories; and incorporating systems with finite chemical potentials. With this machinery in place, the important class of real-time (dynamic) observables is treated in some detail. This is followed by an overview of a number of applications, ranging from the study of phase transitions and particle production rate computations, to the concept of transport and damping coefficients that play a ubiquitous role in current developments.

The book serves as a self-contained textbook on relativistic thermal field theory for undergraduate and graduate students of theoretical high-energy physics.

Number of Illustrations and Tables

51 b/w illustrations, 10 illustrations in colour

Topics

Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory

Thermodynamics

Cosmology

Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Methods in Physics

Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics

Springer | Quantum Physics | February 13, 2016 | ISBN-10: 3319258877 | 331 pages | pdf | 4.34 mb

Authors: Bricmont, Jean

A much needed book by a leading figure in quantum foundations

Entertaining reading with a clear no-nonsense style

Accessible to all those with a basic grounding in quantum mechanics

About this Textbook

This book explains, in simple terms, with a minimum of mathematics, why things can appear to be in two places at the same time, why

correlations between simultaneous events occurring far apart cannot be explained by local mechanisms, and why, nevertheless, the quantum theory can be understood in terms of matter in motion. No need to worry, as some people do, whether a cat can be both dead and alive, whether the moon is there when nobody looks at it, or whether quantum systems need an observer to acquire definite properties. The author’s inimitable and even humorous style makes the book a pleasure to read while bringing a new clarity to many of the longstanding puzzles of quantum physics.

Psang Dain Lin, “New Computation Methods for Geometrical Optics”

English | 2013 | ISBN: 9814451789 | PDF | pages: 247 | 3.6 mb

This book employs homogeneous coordinate notation to compute the first- and second-order derivative matrices of various optical quantities. It will be one of the important mathematical tools for automatic optical design. The traditional geometrical optics is based on raytracing only. It is very difficult, if possible, to compute the first- and second-order derivatives of a ray and optical path length with respect to system variables, since they are recursive functions. Consequently, current commercial software packages use a finite difference approximation methodology to estimate these derivatives for use in optical design and analysis. Furthermore, previous publications of geometrical optics use vector notation, which is comparatively awkward for computations for non-axially symmetrical systems.

Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physics: Theory, Experiments and Applications

Springer | Nuclear Physics | June 16 2016 | ISBN-10: 3319211900 | 234 pages | pdf | 12.82 mb

Editors: García-Ramos, J.-E., Alonso, C.E., Andrés, M.V., Pérez-Bernal, F. (Eds.)

2015 La Rábida International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics

This volume covers invited papers presented during the La Rábida 2015 International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics, which can be considered heir of a well known series of triennial international summer schools on Nuclear Physics organized from 1982 till 2003 by the Basic Nuclear Physics group in the University of Sevilla. The La Rábida 2015 meeting offered to graduate students and young researchers a broad view of the field of Nuclear Physics. The first invited speaker presented the state-of-the-art of Relativistic Mean Field calculations. The second set of notes covers selected topics in gamma ray spectroscopy with exotic nuclei. The third speaker presented an introduction to the subject of severe accidents in nuclear power plants. In the fourth set of notes, the author illustrated how to use laser spectroscopy to determine very important observables of atomic nuclei. The fifth speaker devoted its notes to explain several aspects of neutrino physics. Finally, the sixth speaker presented an overview of nuclear medicine and radiodiagnostic. In addition to this, the inclusion of the posters and seminars presented by the students gives a fresh and ample perspective on the many different problems of interest nowadays for the Nuclear Physics community.